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Canadian Government Officials

Deputy Prime Ministers of Canada

Name
Tenure
Administration
Allan MacEachen
Sep 16, 1977 - Jun 4, 1979
P. Trudeau
vacant
Jun 4, 1979 - Mar 3, 1980
Clark
Allan MacEachen (2nd time)
Mar 3, 1980 - Jun 30, 1984
P. Trudeau
Jean Chrétien
Jun 30, 1984 - Sep 17, 1984
P. Trudeau
Erik Nielsen
Sep 17, 1984 - Jun 30, 1986
Mulroney
Donald Mazankowski
Jun 30, 1986 - Jun 25, 1993
Mulroney
Jean Charest
Jun 25, 1993 - Nov 4, 1993
Campbell
Sheila Copps
Nov 4, 1993 - May 1, 1996
Chrétien
vacant
May 1, 1996 - Jun 19, 1996
Chrétien
Sheila Copps (2nd time)
Jun 19, 1996 - Jun 11, 1997
Chrétien
Herb Gray
Jun 11, 1997 - Jan 15, 2002
Chrétien
John Manley
Jan 15, 2002 - Dec 12, 2003
Chrétien
Anne McLellan
Dec 12, 2003 - Feb 6, 2006
Martin
vacant
Feb 6, 2006 -
Harper, J. Trudeau
The deputy prime ministership was created by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau (1919-2000) as a special title to be held by a top cabinet minister in addition to whatever other cabinet position that minister held. Many prime ministers have considered this job useless and have not appointed someone to the position.

Speakers of the House of Commons of Canada

Name
Tenure
Party
James Cockburn
Nov 6 1867 - Mar 26, 1874
Conservative
Timothy Warren Anglin
Mar 26, 1874 - Feb 13, 1879
Liberal
Joseph Godéric Blanchet
Feb 13, 1879 - Feb 8, 1883
Conservative
George Airey Kirkpatrick
Feb 8, 1883 - Apr 13, 1887
Conservative
Joseph-Aldéric Ouimet
Apr 13, 1887 - Apr 29, 1891
Conservative
Peter White
Apr 29, 1891 - Aug 19, 1896
Conservative
James David Edgar
Aug 19, 1896 - Aug 1, 1899
Liberal
Thomas Bain
Aug 1, 1899 - Feb 6, 1901
Liberal
Louis Philippe Brodeur
Feb 6, 1901 - Jan 18 1904
Liberal
vacant
Jan 18 1904 - Mar 10, 1904
Napoléon Antoine Belcourt
Mar 10, 1904 - Jan 10, 1905
Liberal
Robert Franklin Sutherland
Jan 11, 1905 - Jan 20, 1909
Liberal
Charles Marcil
Jan 20, 1909 - Nov 15, 1911
Liberal
Thomas Simpson Sproule
Nov 15, 1911 - Dec 2, 1915
Conservative
Albert Sévigny
Dec 2, 1915 - Jan 18, 1917
Conservative
Edgar Nelson Rhodes
Jan 18, 1917 - Mar 8, 1922
Conservative
Rodolphe Lemieux
Mar 8, 1922 - Jun 2, 1930
Liberal
vacant
Jun 2, 1930 - Sep 8, 1930
George Black
Sep 8, 1930 - Jan 17, 1935
Liberal
James Langstaff Bowman
Jan 17, 1935 - Feb 6, 1936
Liberal
Pierre-François Casgrain
Feb 6, 1936 - May 16, 1940
Liberal
James Glen
May 16, 1940 - Sep 6, 1945
Progressive
Gaspard Fauteux
Sep 6, 1945 - Sept 15, 1949
Liberal
William Ross Macdonald
Sep 15, 1949 - Jun 12, 1953
Liberal
vacant
Jun 12, 1953 - Nov 12, 1953
Louis-René Beaudoin
Nov 12, 1953 - Oct 14, 1957
Liberal
Roland Michener
Oct 14, 1957 - Sep 27, 1962
Liberal
Marcel Joseph Aimé Lambert
Sep 27, 1962 - May 16, 1963
Progressive Conservative
Alan Macnaughton
May 16, 1963 - Jan 18, 1966
Liberal
Lucien Lamoureux
Jan 18, 1966 - Sep 30, 1974
Liberal
James Jerome
Sep 30, 1974 -Dec 14, 1979
Liberal
vacant
Dec 14, 1979 - Apr 14, 1980
Jeanne Sauvé
Apr 14, 1980 - Jan 16, 1984
Liberal
Cyril Lloyd Francis
Jan 16, 1984 - Nov 5, 1984
Liberal
John Bosley
Nov 5, 1984 - Sep 30, 1986
Progressive Conservative
John Fraser
Sep 30, 1986 - Jan 17, 1994
Progressive Conservative
Gilbert Parent
Jan 17, 1994 - Jan 29, 2001
Liberal
Peter Milliken
Jan 29, 2001 - Jun 2, 2011
Liberal
Andrew Scheer
Jun 2, 2011 - Dec 3, 2015
Conservative Party of Canada
Geoff Regan
Dec 3, 2015 -
Liberal
The Speaker of the House is elected by all sitting MPs at the beginning of new session of parliament. If a speaker dies or resigns when parliament is not in session the office may remain vacant for several months, as has happened several times in the past.

Attorney Generals of Canada

Name
Tenure
Administration
Prime Minister Macdonald
Jul 1, 1867 - Nov 7, 1873
Macdonald
Antoine Aimé Dorion
Nov 7, 1873 - Jun 1, 1874
Mackenzie
Albert James Smith (acting)
Jun 1, 1874 - Jul 8, 1874
Mackenzie
Télesphore Fournier
Jul 8, 1874 - May 19, 1875
Mackenzie
Edward Blake
May 19, 1875 - Jun 8, 1877
Mackenzie
Rodolphe Laflamme
Jun 8, 1877 - Oct 17, 1878
Mackenzie
James McDonald
Oct 17, 1878 - May 20, 1881
Macdonald
Alexander Campbell
May 20, 1881 - Sep 26, 1885
Macdonald
John Thompson
Sep 26, 1885 - Dec 12, 1894
Macdonald, Abbott, Thompson
Charles Tupper
Dec 21, 1894 - Jan 6, 1896
Bowell
Thomas Mayne Daly
Jan 6, 1896 - Jan 15, 1896
Bowell, Tupper
Arthur Rupert Dickey
Jan 15, 1896 - Jul 8, 1896
Tupper
Oliver Mowat
Jul 13, 1896 - Nov 18, 1897
Laurier
David Mills
Nov 18, 1897 - Feb 11, 1902
Laurier
Charles Fitzpatrick
Feb 11, 1902 - Jun 4, 1906
Laurier
Allen Bristol Aylesworth
Jun 4, 1906 - Oct 10, 1911
Laurier
Charles Doherty
Oct 10, 1911 - Oct 4, 1921
Borden, Meighen
R.B. Bennett
Oct 4, 1921 - Dec 29, 1921
Meighen
Lomer Gouin
Dec 29, 1921 - Jan 4, 1924
King
Ernest Lapointe
Jan 4, 1924 - Jun 29, 1926
King
Hugh Guthrie
Jun 29, 1926 - Jul 13, 1926
Meighen
Esioff-Léon Patenaude
Jul 13, 1926 - Sep 25, 1926
Meighen
Ernest Lapointe (2nd time)
Sep 25, 1926 - Aug 7, 1930
King
Hugh Guthrie (2nd time)
Aug 7, 1930 - Aug 14, 1935
Bennett
George Reginald Geary
Aug 14, 1935 - Oct 23, 1935
Bennett
Ernest Lapointe (3rd time)
Oct 23, 1935 - Nov 26, 1941
King
Joseph-Enoil Michaud (acting)
Nov 27, 1941 - Dec 10, 1941
King
Louis St. Laurent
Dec 10, 1941 - Dec 10, 1946
King
James Ilsley
Dec 10, 1946 - Jul 1, 1948
King
Louis St. Laurent (2nd time)
Jul 1, 1948 - Nov, 15 1948
King
Stuart Garson
Nov 15, 1948 - Jun 21, 1957
St. Laurent
Davie Fulton
Jun 21, 1957 - Aug 9, 1962
Diefenbaker
Donald Fleming
Aug 9, 1962 - Apr 22, 1963
Diefenbaker
Lionel Chevrier
Apr 22, 1963 - Feb 3, 1964
Pearson
Guy Favreau
Feb 3, 1964 - Jun 30, 1965
Pearson
George McIlraith
Jun 30, 1965 - Jul 7, 1965
Pearson
Lucien Cardin
Jul 7, 1965 - Apr 4, 1967
Pearson
Pierre Trudeau
Apr 4, 1967 - Jul 6, 196
Pearson
John Turner
Jul 6, 1968 - Jan 28, 1972
P. Trudeau
Otto Lang
Jan 28, 1972 - Sep 26, 1975
P. Trudeau
Ron Basford
Sep 26, 1975 - Aug 3, 1978
P. Trudeau
Otto Lang (2nd time)
Aug 3, 1978 - Nov 24, 1978
P. Trudeau
Marc Lalonde
Nov 24, 1978 - Jun 4, 1979
P. Trudeau
Jacques Flynn
Jun 4, 1979 - Mar 3, 1980
Clark
Jean Chrétien
Mar 3, 1980 - Sep 10, 1982
P. Trudeau
Mark MacGuigan
Sep 10, 1982 - Jun 30, 1984
P. Trudeau
Donald J. Johnston
Jun 30, 1984 - Sep 17, 1984
Turner
John Crosbie
Sep 17, 1984 - Jun 30, 1986
Mulroney
Ramon Hnatyshyn
Jun 30, 1986 - Dec 8, 1988
Mulroney
Joe Clark (acting)
Dec 8, 1988 - Jan 30, 1989
Mulroney
Doug Lewis
Jan 30, 1989 - Feb 23, 1990
Mulroney
Kim Campbell
Feb 23, 1990 - Jan 4, 1993
Mulroney
Pierre Blais
Jan 4, 1993 - Nov 4, 1993
Mulroney
Allan Rock
Nov 4, 1993 - Jun 11, 1997
Chretien
Anne McLellan
Jun 11, 1997 - Jan 15, 2002
Chretien
Martin Cauchon
Jan 15, 2002 - Dec 12, 2003
Chretien
Irwin Cotler
Dec 12, 2003 - Feb 6, 2006
Martin
Vic Toews
Feb 6, 2006 - Jan 4, 2007
Harper
Rob Nicholson
Jan 4, 2007 - Jul 15, 2013
Harper
Peter MacKay
Jul 15, 2013 - Nov 4, 2015
Harper
Jody Wilson-Raybould
Nov 4, 2015 - Jan 14, 2019
J. Trudeau
David Lametti
Jan 14, 2019 -
J. Trudeau
Notes: Prime ministers sometimes served as their own attorney general. Full title is "minister of justice and attorney general."

Foreign Ministers of Canada

Name
Tenure
Administration
Charles Murphy
May 19, 1909 - Oct 10, 1911
Laurier
William James Roche
Oct 10, 1911 - Apr 1, 1912
Borden
Prime Minister Robert Borden
Apr 1, 1912 - Jul 10, 1920
Borden
Prime Minister Arthur Meighen
Jul 10, 1920 - Dec 29, 1921
Meighen
Prime Minister Mackenzie King
Dec 29, 1921 - Jun 28, 1926
King
Prime Minister Meighen (2nd time)
Jun 28, 1926 - Sep 25, 1926
Meighen
Prime Minister King (2nd time)
Sep 25, 1926 - Aug 7, 1930
King
Prime Minister R.B. Bennett
Aug 7, 1930 - Oct 23, 1935
Bennett
Prime Minister King (3rd time)
Oct 23, 1935 - 4 Sep 1946
King
Louis Saint Laurent
Sep 4, 1946 - Sep 10, 1948
King
Lester B. Pearson
Sep 10, 1948 - Jun 21, 1957
St. Laurent
Prime Minister John Diefenbaker
Jun 21, 1957 - Sep 13, 1957
Diefenbaker
Sidney Smith
Sep 13, 1957 - Mar 17, 1959
Diefenbaker
Prime Minister Diefenbaker (2nd time, acting)
Mar 19, 1959 - Jun 4, 1959
Diefenbaker
Howard Green
Jun 4, 1959 - Apr 22, 1963
Diefenbaker
Paul Martin, Sr.
Apr 22, 1963 - Apr 20, 1968
Pearson
Mitchell Sharp
Apr 20, 1968 - Aug 8, 1974
P. Trudeau
Allan MacEachen
Aug 8, 1974 - Sep 14, 1976
P. Trudeau
Don Jamieson
Sep 14, 1976 - Jun 4, 1979
P. Trudeau
Flora MacDonald
Jun 4, 1979 - Mar 3, 1980
Clark
Mark MacGuigan
Mar 3, 1980 - Sep 10, 1982
P. Trudeau
MacEachen (2nd time)
Sep 10, 1982 - Jun 30, 1984
P. Trudeau
Jean Chretien
Jun 30, 1984 - Sep 17, 1984
Turner
Joe Clark
Sep 17, 1984 - Apr 21, 1991
Mulroney
Barbara McDougall
Apr 21, 1991 - Jun 25, 1993
Mulroney
Perrin Beatty
Jun 25, 1993 - Nov 4, 1993
Campbell
André Ouellet
Nov 4, 1993 - Jan 25, 1996
Chretien
Lloyd Axworthy
Jan 25, 1996 - Oct 17, 2000
Chretien
John Manley
Oct 17, 2000 - Jan 15, 2002
Chretien
Bill Graham
Jan 15, 2002 - Jul 20, 2004
Chretien, Martin
Pierre Pettigrew
Jul 20, 2004 - Feb 6, 2006
Martin
Peter MacKay
Feb 6, 2006 - Aug 14, 2007
Harper
Maxime Bernier
Aug 14, 2007 - May 26, 2008
Harper
David Emerson
May 26, 2008 - Oct 30, 2008
Harper
Lawrence Cannon
Oct 30, 2008 - May 18, 2011
Harper
John Baird
May 18, 2011 - Feb 3, 2015
Harper
Ed Fast (acting)
Feb 3, 2015 - Feb 9, 2015
Harper
Rob Nicholson
Feb 9, 2015 - Nov 4, 2015
Harper
Stephane Dion
Nov 4, 2015 - Jan 10, 2017
J. Trudeau
Chrystia Freeland
Jan 10, 2017 -
J. Trudeau
Notes: Prime ministers sometimes served as their own foreign minister. Until 1995 the position was called "Secretary of State for External Affairs."

Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada

Name
Tenure
Appointed by
William Buell Richards
Sep 30, 1875 - Jan 10, 1879
Mackenzie
William Johnstone Ritchie
Jan 11, 1879 - Sep 25, 1892
Macdonald
Samuel Henry Strong
Dec 13, 1892 - Nov 18, 1902
Thompson
Henri-Elzéar Taschereau
Nov 21, 1902 - May 2, 1906
Laurier
Charles Fitzpatrick
Jun 4, 1906 - Oct 21, 1918
Laurier
Louis Henry Davies
Oct 23, 1918 - May 1, 1924
Borden
Francis Alexander Anglin
Sep 16, 1924 - Feb 28, 1933
King
Lyman Poore Duff
Mar 17, 1933 - Jan 7, 1944
Bennett
Thibaudeau Rinfret
Jan 8, 1944 - Jun 22, 1954
King
Patrick Kerwin
Jul 1, 1954 - Feb 2, 1963
St. Laurent
Robert Taschereau
Apr 22, 1963 - Sep 1, 1967
Diefenbaker
John Robert Cartwright
Sep 1, 1967 - Mar 23, 1970
Pearson
Gérald Fauteux
Mar 23, 1970 - Dec 23, 1973
P. Trudeau
Bora Laskin
Dec 27, 1973 - Mar 26, 1984
P. Trudeau
Brian Dickson
Apr 18, 1984 - Jun 30, 1990
P. Trudeau
Antonio Lamer
Jul 1, 1990 - Jan 6, 2000
Mulroney
Beverley McLachlin
Jan 7, 2000 - Dec 14, 2017
Chretien
Richard Wagner
Dec 18, 2017 -
J. Trudeau