Getting started with basics

All countries have a few things in common. They have borders. They have people. They have their own currency. They have stamps and passports and area codes. They probably even have an army. As you take your first cautious steps in the journey of learning about an unfamiliar place, getting a handle on basic facts like these can be a good start.

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In this section, we’ll look at some introductory information about Canada, including what sort of people live there, what languages are spoken, what measurement system is used, and how various aspects of daily life, including time, money, telephones, internet, and mail, work in the country.

We’ll also examine the nature and role of the modern Canadian armed forces, and how Canada manages its diplomatic relationships with other nations around the world. For those still wanting more, we’ve also got some important bureaucratic-type information on Canadian identification codes, public communication outlets, and emergency preparedness systems.



Basic Facts

Introductory facts about life in Canada.

Quality of Life in Canada

A look at leading indicators of health, safety, and well-being in Canada.

Legal System

Canada's system of laws.


The different demographics and ethnic groups in Canada.


The languages Canadians speak and the rules that govern them.

Indigneous People

The descendants of the first peoples of Canada, who lived in the country before European settlers arrived.


Canada's education system and schools.

News and Media

Where Canadians get their news and information.


The industries and jobs that generate Canada's wealth.


Canadian currency, including bills and coins.


The Canadian armed forces.

Foreign Policy

Canada's relationships with other countries.