Canada adopted its famous red-and-white maple leaf flag in 1965. Prior to that, the country either flew the British flag — the Union Jack — or a colonial flag known as the Red Ensign.
The first Europeans to settle Canada were the French, but the country fell under British rule following the Seven Years War (1756-1763) and remained a British colony until 1931.
Canada is divided into 10 provinces and three northern territories. The last province to join Canada was the British colony of Newfoundland in 1949.
Canada’s parliament has two chambers: the House of Commons, which has 338 elected members, and the Senate, which has 105 members appointed by recent prime ministers.
Canada is the second-largest country in the world with a total area of 9.98 million square kilometres. The vast majority of the land is uninhabited, however.
Canadians eat more donuts than any other people on earth.
The Canada Guide is an in-depth reference website for all things Canadian. Whether you’re a student doing research, a tourist planning a trip, an immigrant studying for citizenship, or a local looking to learn, if you’re seeking clear information on this vast and complex country, you’ve come to the right place.
The Canada Guide is organized into seven Sections, each of which is split into many smaller Chapters. You can browse them through the links below, or use the drop-down menu at the top of this site.
Canada is a country like any other, and it has all the same basic things you'd expect any other country to have, including people, money, an official language (or two) and a military. This is where to find basic information on a few big concepts.
Learn how the Canadian political system works. Here we find summaries of the various institutions and people who run the country, both elected and not.
If you're wondering why Canadians act the way they do, or are just looking to fit in, here's a good place to start. A look at the things and ideas that help give the country its distinctive character.